Hyperpigmentation is an umbrella term that includes various skin discoloration, pigmentation, and darkening-related disorders.

Scalp psoriasis

The scalp is one of the most common regions affected by psoriasis. Although the head represents only 10% of the total body surface area, the impact of scalp psoriasis is often disproportionate to the area as it is can be severely debilitating, resulting in extreme social and emotional distress to the affected individual. The scalp may be involved in isolation or form part of other manifestations of psoriasis.

Understanding moisturisers vs emollients

Throughout the history of humans, various ingredients have been used to improve the texture of the skin. From the ancient Greeks and Romans to today, vegetable oils such as olive oil, animal fats such as lanolin from wool and mineral oils such as petroleum jelly have been used to moisturise the skin.


Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a chronic skin condition that is characterised by dry, itchy, and inflamed skin and can tend to affect people with other allergies like hay fever and asthma. It affects people of all ages, but it is most commonly seen in children. Eczema can be a frustrating condition to manage, and people with eczema often try a variety of treatments and remedies to find relief from their symptoms. One of the most effective treatments for eczema is the use of wet wraps which can be done at home with motivated parents and prevent unnecessary hospitalisations.


Health Professions Council of South Africa


2 Clinical


Attempts allowed: 2

70% pass rate

Enquire Now

Dermatology in Focus Vol 1 No 2