Introduction

PROFESSIONAL BOARD FOR DENTAL ASSISTING, DENTAL THERAPY AND ORAL HYGIENE

ANNUAL FEE INCREASES: An OVERVIEW – 2010/11–22/23

As an autonomous body the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA) receives no grants or subsidies from government. The HPCSA is funded mainly by the registration and annual fees it receives from registered practitioners representing the 12 professional boards under its jurisdiction. Additional income is received from interest gained and other fees. Each board contributes a certain percentage of council costs, based on several factors, including the number of practitioners registered under its ambit. For example, in 2019/20 the Professional Board for Dental Assisting, Dental Therapy and Oral Hygiene (PBDOH) constituted 2.62% of the number of practitioners registered with the HPCSA and contributed 2.51% of direct revenue to the council’s costs. It must be noted that each board funds its own activities, and that no board subsidises another, hence the wide difference in range of fees amongst and within boards.

SWITCH TO HEATED TOBACCO FROM CIGARETTES MAY REDUCE TOXIC EXPOSURE:

COCHRANE REVIEW

There is moderate-certainty evidence that people who switched from cigarettes to heated tobacco had lower levels of exposure to harmful chemicals and very low-to moderate-certainty evidence of higher exposure to toxins than those who stopped  using tobacco altogether, found a study published in Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Heated tobacco products are often marketed as a healthier alternative to cigarettes but questions remain about their effects on cigarette smoking and health, write Harry Tattan-Birch and Jamie Brown from University College London, and Jamie Hartmann-Boyce from the University of Oxford, in The Conversation. They assess the results of an research review. Heated tobacco products are designed to heat tobacco without burning it or producing smoke, and they are now available in many countries. The popularity of these products soared in Japan after the release of an electronic device called IQOS in 2016.

EVALUATION OF RADIATION AWARENESS AMONG ORAL HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS IN SOUTH AFRICA

Dental radiography plays an essential role in diagnosis and treatment of dental disease. Oral health care providers, however, do not always follow prescribed indications when performing radiological examinations. Radiographs are frequently used for 'routine screening' of new patients. An increase in the number of radiographs is also evident when fee-for-service payments are received. Ionising radiation from intraoral imaging is small and comparable to daily natural background radiation. However, the potentially harmful effects of any radiographic examination cannot be ignored. Each exposure to ionising radiation can cause a biological effect and increase the potential risk of cancer. The use of radiation is accompanied by the responsibility to maintain sufficient knowledge and to ensure appropriate radiation protection. A need for training with regards to the attitudes towards radiation protection is evident. The level of knowledge regarding dental imaging and radiation risks also differs amongst different oral health care providers.

DENTAL MALPRACTICE AND ITS LIABILITIES:

ETHICAL AND LEGAL CONSIDERATIONS EVERY DENTIST SHOULD KNOW

The dental profession holds a special trust relationship with its patients. To uphold this mutual trust the dental profession makes a commitment to the patient that they will adhere to a high ethical standard of care and conduct. The relationship between dentists and patients has changed in recent times and some of the major causes are:

1.  An increase in patient awareness of their rights.

2.  High expectations and demands where aesthetic procedures are involved.

3.  Competition between practitioners in a highly competitive market.

4.  A change in the patient-dentist relationship from a personal/professional relationship to a more business/commercial relationship.

5.  Increase in scientific and technological development creating a society founded on capitalism and consumption.

DENTAL CASE REPORT FOR PUBLICATION; STEP BY STEP

Case reports are defined as the scientific documentation of a single clinical observation and have a time-honoured and rich tradition in medicine and scientific publication. Such article discusses the role and relevance of case reports in the current evidence-based medical literature. The article also discusses the factors to consider in evaluating individual case reports and discusses a practical conceptual scheme for evaluating the potential value and educational content of a case report.

ORAL HYGIENE MANAGEMENT OF A PATIENT PRESENTING WITH OROMANDIBULAR DYSTONIA:

CLINICAL CASE STUDY

The term dystonia was first introduced by Herman Oppenheim in 1911 and it is described as a hyperkinetic movement disorder characterised by sustained or intermittent involuntary muscle contractions that cause abnormal, often repetitive, movements, postures, or both. Over a hundred years later, many types of dystonia are recognised, which include primary (idiopathic) as well as dystonia secondary to another disorder. Oromandibular (OMD) dystonia is defined as a syndrome of forceful focal contractions of the face, mandible and possibly the tongue. Oromandibular is also defined as a rare neuromuscular disorder characterised by involuntary repetitive muscular contractions affecting different parts of the face. Individuals with oromandibular dystonia may experience difficulty in controlling food, mastication, deglutition, and prosthesis. These individuals may suffer soft tissue trauma from cheek and lip biting along with excessive tooth wear from exaggerated tooth grinding.

INTERDENTAL CLEANING MADE EASY

PATIENTS PREFER THIS NEW TOOL

Despite dental professionals engaging patients on cleaning interdentally, it is not established at all among patients. Even in Switzerland and Germany, two countries that place a relatively great emphasis on oral hygiene, only 5% of people clean their interdental spaces daily and 10% brush interdentally once a week. The remaining 85% rarely clean their interdental spaces, if at all. These catastrophic figures show most people are not doing enough to avoid gingivitis, which in the long term can progress to tooth loss. A possible explanation for this behaviour is that dental professionals tend to recommend flossing, especially to patients with closed interdental spaces and intact papillae. But patients tend to find using floss challenging, and that only lowers their motivation to use it. Luckily, the latest generation of interdental brushes are more effective than floss, easy to use and able to penetrate even closed interdental spaces.

KEY TO PERFECT INTERDENTAL CLEANING

The importance of oral hygiene in the dental practice is increasing, but dental professionals and patients are still left in the dark about correct interdental cleaning. Prof. Denis Bourgeois was among a group of researchers who conducted a study showing that the Curaprox Interdental Access Probe (Curaprox IAP), which is used to calibrate interdental brushes, is the most effective tool of all. The probe is increasingly used as a gold standard in oral prophylaxis and allows dental professionals to quickly and easily determine the exact interdental brush sizes for each patient.

WORLD ORAL HEALTH DAY MARCH 2022

The oral health kit comprising of a toothbrush, toothpaste and leaflet reinforcing all the content of the presentation, was handed to all the learners in the foundation phase. Receiving these items not only brought them joy but also equipped them with the tools to implement the knowledge gained. Excitement was displayed by the learners to have a photograph taken, but since some parents didn’t grant consent for the photograph to be posted in the journal some of them had to skip the moment.

Accreditation

Health Professions Council of South Africa

DTO/001/P00001/2022/0034

2 Clinical

1 Ethics

Certification

Attempts allowed: 2

70% pass rate





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